History of the Ministry
The Ministry of internal Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan and its independent local units are part of the law enforcement agencies. Ministry in order to improve and streamline the activities of the internal Affairs bodies, the highest state bodies have adopted a number of laws and decisions. One of these documents is adopted by the people's Commissariat of internal Affairs of Turkestan ASSR on 26 June 1919 Charter "On the worker-peasant militia Council of the Republic of Turkestan Soviet of the Russian Federation" adopted in July of the same year, the Statute "On the establishment of the criminal investigation" adopted in 1948, the Statute "On police posts and patrol Service", adopted July 20, 1953 by the Council of Ministers of the Uzbek SSR Decree " On measures on strengthening of struggle with criminality and in protection of public order in Uzbekistan», On September 26, 1962, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the former USSR proclaimed November 10 as "militia Day", issued a Decree on its celebration, and on April 6, 1963, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR decided on the right to conduct a preliminary investigation by decree " on granting the right to preliminary investigation to public order bodies.
After the Declaration of the Republic of Uzbekistan as an Independent, sovereign state, global changes took place in all law enforcement agencies. A number of changes have also taken place in the internal Affairs bodies of the Republic. Currently, the activities of the internal Affairs bodies are carried out on the basis of the "Temporary Statute on the procedure for service" adopted on January 8, 1993, approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The temporary Charter defines the order of service by ordinary and commanding staff of the internal Affairs bodies of the Republic.
One of the main tasks of the internal Affairs bodies is to protect the foundations of the Constitution, protect public order and security of citizens, protect citizens, their rights and freedoms, as well as their private property, property of enterprises and organizations from various types of encroachments, crimes and offenses, prevent and prevent crimes, timely and rapid disclosure of committed crimes, establish the causes that contribute to the Commission of crimes, eliminate them, investigate criminal cases, ensure the operation of the passport system (issuing passports to citizens, their registration and discharge, registration of visas), road safety, administrative responsibility and enforcement of criminal penalties, fire safety, explanatory and educational work with minors and young people, the acquisition, storage and use of firearms by citizens, etc.
On March 27, 2001, the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan "on measures to improve the activities of internal Affairs bodies"was issued. On the basis of this Decree, the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic has developed and approved various decisions and orders. In pursuance of the above-mentioned documents, reforms and transformations are being carried out in the activities of the leading services of the internal Affairs bodies. In the course of reforms and transformations Investigation Department, the Department of Protection of public order, traffic safety, Department of crime prevention and Control fire safety was transformed into the Main Control and expanded their challenges and opportunities, the field divisions were transferred to the status of Departments. These reforms and transformations continue to the present day.
Currently, the Ministry of internal Affairs of the Republic operates independent units, such as the Main Department of criminal investigation and counter-terrorism, the Main investigation Department, the Main Department of patrol and public order protection, the Main Department of crime prevention, the Main Department of road safety, the Main Department of fire safety, the Department of exit, entry and citizenship, the Republican Association "Protection" and other departments and services.